The Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide ("Genocide Convention") (R) was the first human rights treaty to be signed by the UN, in 1948. It came into force in 1951. Providing a legal definition of genocide, the Convention stipulates that genocide can occur in peace as well as in war, thereby establishing it as a crime against human rights (applicable to everyone everywhere) and not solely a war crime. The Genocide Convention requires states to prevent and punish genocide wherever it occurs, effectively providing universal jurisdiction for the prosecution of this crime. The Convention is not monitored by a UN committee, but there is a Special Adviser on the Prevention of Genocide who is tasked with raising awareness and advocating for action against instances of genocide